Agreement For Bringing Peace To Afghanistan

The two rivals, India and Pakistan, are in conflict over the Afghan peace process. After an attack in May 2020 at a Kabul hospital, which the Afghan state accused the Taliban, while the United States accused the regional branch of IS, Pakistan accused India of derailing the trial. The agreement between the United States and the Taliban, signed in February 2020, was seen in India as a ”victory for the Taliban and Pakistan.” The Afghan government rejected Pakistan`s claims, citing India as a partner. [143] India was an important military and development aid partner for Afghanistan. [144] Without a clear winner in Kabul, there is no party with which the Taliban can negotiate. Therefore, intra-Afghan negotiations, crucial for the next step towards the peace force in Afghanistan, cannot take place. Another problem is that the recent Afghan presidential elections were contested and led to a divided and dysfunctional government in Kabul. As two opponents declare themselves the winners, no one is responsible in Kabul anymore. Since the next step in the peace agreement is to hold talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government, a divided and broken government in Kabul complicates this next step. However, there are a number of hooks that can prevent the full implementation of the agreement. On the one hand, the Afghan government was not involved in the negotiations.

Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has not supported many parts of the agreement and has opposed the need for the next steps to move the peace process forward. This includes the release of Taliban prisoners, which he has not done so far, although he has proposed a more modest release. A low-level Taliban commander from Wardaks Day Mirdad district, named Keramatullah, confirmed this. Before the Doha agreement, ”we suffered a lot from the airstrikes,” he said by telephone. ”So we`re less stressed than we used to be.” Since there is no U.S. air support to disrupt attacks, he said, ”You can spend a lot of time fighting.” After months of negotiations, the Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin, the second national militant group after the Taliban, signed a peace agreement with the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani in Kabul. It was the first peace treaty since the start of the war in Afghanistan in 2001. Government officials hailed the agreement as a step towards peace and perhaps also as an agreement with the Taliban. [57] However, others have expressed concern about alleged war crimes committed by controversial leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar.

The agreement included the United States to move it from a list of ”global terrorists” to the white list. Parts of Afghan society have protested the peace treaty because of its previous actions. [58] The Afghan peace process includes proposals and negotiations to end the ongoing war in Afghanistan. Although sporadic efforts have been made since the war began in 2001, negotiations and the pacifist movement intensified in 2018 amid talks between the Taliban, the main insurgent group fighting the Afghan government and U.S. troops; and the United States, with thousands of troops in the country supporting the Afghan government. [1] In addition to the United States, regional powers such as Pakistan, China, India and Russia and NATO also play a role in facilitating the peace process. [2] [3] [4] Kabul also had serious concerns about the agreement on the unrestricted loss of the United States.